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To catch a first fish in human history, prehistoric humans used hands. This proved impractical (and in some cases dangerous) so they invented fishing rod and continued to improve it by changing materials it was made and its shape. Read more about fishing rod history.
Fishing reels were invented to prevent long fishing lines from tangling and to ease the pulling of the line when a fish is caught. From a simple mechanism they developed into small mechanical wonders that we know today.
Fishing baits are used to attract the fish and make it bite a fishing hook. Fisherman used baits and lures since the beginning. In time some of the switched to artificial lure because it is easier but the natural bait is still in use. Learn all about types of fishing lures and artificial flies.
There is no fishing without a line, or at least – there is no angling without a line. When we started to fish we used natural materials for line but today we use synthetics which are more reliable. Learn more about fishing line.