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Fishing reels were invented to prevent long fishing lines from tangling and to ease the pulling of the line when a fish is caught. From a simple mechanism they developed into small mechanical wonders that we know today.
To catch a first fish in human history, prehistoric humans used hands. This proved impractical (and in some cases dangerous) so they invented fishing rod and continued to improve it by changing materials it was made and its shape. Read more about fishing rod history.
Fishing baits are used to attract the fish and make it bite a fishing hook. Fisherman used baits and lures since the beginning. In time some of the switched to artificial lure because it is easier but the natural bait is still in use. Learn all about types of fishing lures and artificial flies.
Choosing a right rod and reel for your fishing is very important. Not every reel can cast a light fly nor can every rod withstand the weight of a large fish. Find out more about types of fishing rods and reels.