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Gillnetting is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Almost every known civilization that had access to water, and fish in it, invented a variant of gillnet during its history in which fish would get caught.
Ice fishing was a method of obtaining fish for food during the winter months of the North and one of the few ways to survive when everything is covered in ice. Today it is a sport and a way of recreation for many who don’t depend on fish to live.
Spearfishing is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Since human could sharpen a stick, he used it to hunt fish, among other things, to survive. Today we us spears to fish for sport. Read more about history of spearfishing.
When people noticed that they can catch more fish than they can eat they started partaking in commercial fishing – catching fish for trade. From then on even the people who didn’t catch fish could have it on their menu. Read more about history of commercial fishing.