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Gillnetting is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Almost every known civilization that had access to water, and fish in it, invented a variant of gillnet during its history in which fish would get caught.
We catch fish by angling for some 20 millennia (give or take a year). At first, catching a fish with hook line and rod was a way to survive but today is mostly sport. Learn more about history of angling.
Spearfishing is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Since human could sharpen a stick, he used it to hunt fish, among other things, to survive. Today we us spears to fish for sport. Read more about history of spearfishing.
Ice fishing was a method of obtaining fish for food during the winter months of the North and one of the few ways to survive when everything is covered in ice. Today it is a sport and a way of recreation for many who don’t depend on fish to live.