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Gillnetting is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Almost every known civilization that had access to water, and fish in it, invented a variant of gillnet during its history in which fish would get caught.
We catch fish by angling for some 20 millennia (give or take a year). At first, catching a fish with hook line and rod was a way to survive but today is mostly sport. Learn more about history of angling.
Fly fishing is an old technique of fishing. It was at first used as one of the methods of obtaining food while it is today more of a sport and method of relaxation. Find out more about history of fly fishing.
Spearfishing is one of the oldest methods of fishing. Since human could sharpen a stick, he used it to hunt fish, among other things, to survive. Today we us spears to fish for sport. Read more about history of spearfishing.